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Chemical Structure
Chemical Structure
Chemical Structure

Prostaglandin E2 [363-24-6]

Research Use Only
CDX-P0318
Chemodex
CAS Number363-24-6
Product group Chemicals
Estimated Purity>98%
Molecular Weight352.47
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Packing Size
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Overview

  • Supplier
    Chemodex
  • Product Name
    Prostaglandin E2 [363-24-6]
  • Delivery Days Customer
    10
  • CAS Number
    363-24-6
  • Certification
    Research Use Only
  • Estimated Purity
    >98%
  • Hazard Information
    Danger,Non-hazardous
  • Molecular Formula
    C20H32O5
  • Molecular Weight
    352.47
  • Scientific Description
    Chemical. CAS: 363-24-6. Formula: C20H32O5. MW: 352.47. Prostaglandin E2 is one of the most typical lipid mediators produced from arachidonic acid (AA) by cyclooxygenase (COX) as the rate-limiting enzyme and acts on four kinds of receptor subtypes (EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4) with high binding affinity. It is a regulator of numerous physiological functions ranging from reproduction to neuronal, metabolic and immune functions. It acts as a pro-inflammatory mediator, but also exerts anti-inflammatory responses. As pro-inflammatory mediator, PGE2 contributes to the regulation of the cytokine expression profile of DCs and has been reported to bias T cell differentiation towards a T helper (Th) 1 or Th2 response. It exerts anti-inflammatory actions on innate immune cells like neutrophils, monocytes and NK cells. Prostaglandin E2 also facilitates tumor progression through stimulation of angiogenesis via EP2, mediates cell invasion and metastasis formation via EP4 and promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis via numerous signaling pathways. Recently it has been shown to inhibit NLRP3 by acting through receptor EP4 activation that increases cAMP. cAMP activates PKA that phosphorylates NLRP3 at serine 295. PKA phosphorylation of NLRP3 inhibits the NLRP3 ATPase activity, which is required for assembly of NLRP3-ASC complexes. - Prostaglandin E2 is one of the most typical lipid mediators produced from arachidonic acid (AA) by cyclooxygenase (COX) as the rate-limiting enzyme and acts on four kinds of receptor subtypes (EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4) with high binding affinity. It is a regulator of numerous physiological functions ranging from reproduction to neuronal, metabolic and immune functions. It acts as a pro-inflammatory mediator, but also exerts anti-inflammatory responses. As pro-inflammatory mediator, PGE2 contributes to the regulation of the cytokine expression profile of DCs and has been reported to bias T cell differentiation towards a T helper (Th) 1 or Th2 response. It exerts anti-inflammatory actions on innate immune cells like neutrophils, monocytes and NK cells. Prostaglandin E2 also facilitates tumor progression through stimulation of angiogenesis via EP2, mediates cell invasion and metastasis formation via EP4 and promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis via numerous signaling pathways. Recently it has been shown to inhibit NLRP3 by acting through receptor EP4 activation that increases cAMP. cAMP activates PKA that phosphorylates NLRP3 at serine 295. PKA phosphorylation of NLRP3 inhibits the NLRP3 ATPase activity, which is required for assembly of NLRP3-ASC complexes.
  • SMILES
    O=C1C[C@@H](O)[C@H](/C=C/[C@@H](O)CCCCC)[C@H]1C/C=C\CCCC(O)=O
  • Storage Instruction
    2°C to 8°C,-20°C
  • UNSPSC
    12352200